Cùng HocHay học từ vựng IELTS Unit 20: The Arts các bạn nhé!
1.1 Which art forms are shown in these pictures?
What do we call the people who do these things?
- abstract art/ painting, an artist
- ballet (dancing), ballet dancers or ballerinas
- a portrait, an artist
- a play/ the theatre, actors and actresses
- opera, an opera singer
- classical music, an orchestra/ (classical) musicians
- a sculpture, a sculptor
1.2 Which of these art forms do you find the most and least appealing?
1.3 Read the text making sure you understand the meaning of the words in bold. Use a dictionary if necessary.
The brain of the beholder
The cave figures of Lascaux, Leonardo da Vinci’s Mona Lisa, a Cubist painting by Pablo Picasso and the African artefact that inspired Picasso’s work. These works of art are separated by great gulfs in time, different social and political systems, and language divides. Yet despite these variations, there is art in each place and era. That there is a seemingly universal impulse co express oneself this way suggests that human beings are neurologically hardwired for art.
Imagine yourself in the Louvre in Paris, pushing through the throngs to behold the Mona Lisa’s enigmatic smile. Or recall the first time you ever saw the Sydney Opera House. Most likely your skin tingled, you felt a thrill and you paused for a moment of reflection. Even glimpses of mundane objects such as the latest curvaceous kettle, can inspire something similar. Art and design critics will describe how formal qualities like proportion are choreographed to produce the viewer’s rush. But the fact that aesthetic experience can inspire such a biological response suggests that it’s a stimulus neuroscientists could analyse just as deftly.
And that’s exactly what they are doing. In laboratories and galleries around the world, researchers are showing how the organisation of the brain relates to the conception and experience of art. This is the burgeoning field of neuroaesthetics, in which scientists are discovering that rather than transcending the ordinary – art and aesthetics are part of everyday experience. They’re also finding that, in some fundamental ways, art really is an expression of human nature.
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